Aim: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among adolescent Muslim girls attending a school in the UK, which adheres to a conservative dress code.
Methods: Fifty-six (31%) out of 180 girls attending a Muslim High School for Girls (median age 13.2years, (IQR 12.513.8 years)) took part in this cross-sectional study. Seventy-nine percent (n=45) were of South Asian origin, 3.5% were Black African origin (n=2), 1.8% was Middle Eastern origin (n=1), and 15.8% were other ethnic origin (n=9). The participants serum concentration of calcium (Ca), phosphate (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), parathyroid hormone (PTH), and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) were measured. Dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D were also estimated.
Results: Fifty-one out of 56 (91%) (95% CI 8695) girls were found to be vitamin D deficient (25OHD <25 nmol/l) and 4 out of 56 (7%) (95% CI 517) were vitamin D insufficient (25 nmol/l<25OHD <50 nmol/l). The median serum concentration of 25OHD was 12.8 nmol/l (IQR 1017 nmol/l). Serum concentration of Ca, P, ALP, and PTH were all within the normal limits. The median vitamin D intake was 69 IU/day (IQR 29122 IU/day), which is 17% of the recommended daily intake (400 IU). The median dietary calcium intake was 662 mg (IQR 456860 mg), which is four-fifth of the recommended daily intake (800 mg). The median serum 25OHD of subjects taken multivitamin (MV) supplements (median=17.3 nmol/l (IQR 1326.3)) was (P<0.01) higher than that of subjects not taking MV supplements (11.3 nmol/l (IQR 8.814)).
Conclusions: All subjects (98%) bar one had vitamin D deficiency (91%) and vitamin D insufficiency (7%). Those taking MV supplements had higher serum 25OHD concentrations, although optimum serum concentrations of >50 nmol/l were not achieved. Further studies are needed to determine the dose of vitamin D supplementation needed to optimise the vitamin D status of these groups of adolescent girls.
22 - 25 Jun 2013