Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences on calcified tissues

ba0003ahp1 | Allied Health Professionals Session | ECTS2014

Epidemiology of ageing, fracture and falls. Geographic and ethnic disparities in osteoporotic fractures

Cauley Jane

Osteoporotic fractures are a major worldwide epidemic. Worldwide, age-standardized rates in hip fracture vary >200-fold in women and >140-fold in men when comparing incidence rates in the highest vs lowest country. Median age standardized rates are highest in North America and Europe followed by Asia, Middle East, Oceania, Latin America, and Africa. Globally rates of hip fracture are greater in women than men with an average ratio of ~2:1. In all populations studied to...

ba0003d1.2 | (1) | ECTS2014

Debate: there are more benefits than risks associated with HRT in postmenopausal women: against the motion

Cauley Jane

Currently menopausal hormone treatment (HT) is not recommended for the prevention of chronic disease. This recommendation is based on reputable science relying largely on the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI), a large methodologically sound, long-term, randomized clinical trial (RCT) of 27 347 women age 50–79 years. A RCT is considered level two evidence in the hierarchy of evidence only below a systematic review of several RCTs. The WHI HT trials were designed to dete...

ba0003lb2 | (1) | ECTS2014

Bisphosphonates for osteoporosis and risk of breast cancer: misleading results from observational studies

Cummings Steven R , Hue Trisha , Cauley Jane A , Bauer Doug C , Ensrud Kristine E , Barrett-Connor Elizabeth , Black Dennis M

Purpose: To test whether bisphosphonates for osteoporosis reduce the risk of breast cancer.Background: Observational studies and meta-analyses find that women taking bisphosphonates have about a 1/3rd reduction in risk of breast cancer as soon as 1 year of treatment. This is plausible because bisphosphonates have in vitro anti-tumor activity and high doses of zoledronate reduce recurrence in women with breast cancer. However, observational studi...

ba0001pp283 | Genetics | ECTS2013

Discovery and replication of several loci significantly associated with lean body mass: a large meta-analysis of genome wide association studies (GWAS) from the ‘charge’ and ‘gefos’ consortia

Kiel Douglas P , Yerges-Armstrong Laura M , Hsu Yi-Hsiang , Stolk Lisette , Karasik David , Loos Ruth J F , Gudnason Vilmundar , Smith Albert , O'Connell Jeffrey R , Fu Amish , Fu Mao , Streeten Elizabeth A , Cauley Jane A , Robbins John A , Psaty Bruce , Johnson Toby , Kutalik Zoltan , Mitchell Braxton D , Livshits Gregory , Harris Tamara B , Ohlsson Claes , Zillikens M Carola

Introduction: The creatine kinase (CK) is a dimeric enzyme, involved in energetical metabolism. It is present in many tissues, but higher concentration in skeletal and cardiac muscle.Therefore, conditions that involve muscle tissue may increase this serum enzyme. Such enzyme elevation is usually observed in inflammatory myopathies and others autoimmune diseases.Sometimes some elevation in CK is not fully understood out off these co...