Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences on calcified tissues

ba0001pp228 | Cell biology: osteoclasts and bone resorption | ECTS2013

Bisphosphonates differently affect jaw and long-bone marrow cells

Vermeer Jenny A F , Jansen Ineke D C , Renders Greetje A P , de Vries Teun J , Everts Vincent

Bisphosphonates (BPs) such as zoledronic acid (ZA) are widely used to treat bone diseases. The use of BPs can lead to osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), but it is not clear why in particular the jaw bone is affected. Previously, it was shown that osteoclasts derived from different bone sites have different properties. We hypothesize that BPs have distinct effects on bone-site specific osteoclasts or precursors. To investigate this, female C57BL/6J mice were injected intraperitone...

ba0003pp165 | Cell biology: osteoclasts and bone resorption | ECTS2014

Foreign body giant cells do not have the capacity to resorb bone

ten Harkel Bas , Schoenmaker Ton , de Vries Teun J. , Everts Vincent

Background: Osteoclasts are unique multinucleated cells that originate from the fusion of monocytes. They are the only cells known to be capable of bone resorption. Interestingly, the foreign body multinucleated giant cell (FBGC) arises from the same lineage as the osteoclast, and they share numerous similar characteristics, among which the expression of tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAcP). Yet, it is not known whether the FBGC has the capacity to resorb bone.<p cl...

ba0005p183 | Cell biology: osteoclasts and bone resorption | ECTS2016

Life span differs between osteoclasts derived from different bone marrow precursors: a time-lapse microscopy study

Cao Yixuan , Jansen Ineke , Sprangers Sara , Stap Jan , Everts Vincent , de Vries Teun

Osteoclasts are multinucleated bone-resorbing cells and can be cultured from different monocytic precursors. It is unknown whether osteoclasts derived from different precursors are phenotypically different. One of the aspects not known is the life span of the different osteoclasts and the effect of IL-1β hereupon. Here, we studied this using time-lapse microscopy. Bone marrow cells were isolated from 6-week-old male mice. Early blasts (CD31hiLy-6C-),...

ba0005p184 | Cell biology: osteoclasts and bone resorption | ECTS2016

Involvement of integrin beta 2/CD18 in attachment of monocytes to bone

Sprangers Sara , Schoenmaker Ton , Cao Yixuan , Everts Vincent , de Vries Teun J.

Background: Osteoclasts (OCs) are bone-degrading cells that differentiate from the monocyte/macrophage lineage. In human, three monocyte subsets have been identified: classical, intermediate and non-classical monocytes. We have previously demonstrated that comparable numbers of OCs can be generated from these subsets on plastic, but that the number of OCs significantly differs when the monocytes are cultured on bone. It is plausible that the observed differences are associated...

ba0003pp153 | Cell biology: osteoclasts and bone resorption | ECTS2014

Zoledronic acid differently affects long-bone and jaw bone remodeling

Vermeer Jenny A.F. , Renders Greetje A.P. , van Duin Marion A. , Jansen Ineke D.C. , Bakker Lieneke F. , Kroon Sophie A. , de Vries Teun J. , Everts Vincent

Bisphosphonates (BPs) are used to treat bone diseases characterized by excessive bone resorption. However, BPs can negatively affect the jaw bone by causing osteonecrosis of the jaw. Previously, we showed that BPs differently affect long-bone and jaw osteoclast precursors. Administration of BPs in vivo reduced the number of jaw bone marrow cells, without affecting long-bone marrow cells. Yet, BPs increased bone volume and mineral density of both long bone and jaw. Her...

ba0003oc4.1 | Genetics of bone disease | ECTS2014

PLS3 mutations in X-linked osteoporosis with fractures

Zillikens M Carola , van Dijk Fleur S , Micha Dimitra , Riessland Markus , Marcelis Carlo LM , de-Die Smulders Christine E , Milbradt Janine , Franken Anton A , Harsevoort Arjan J , Lichtenbelt Klaske D , van de Peppel J , Pruijs Hans E , Rubio-Gozalbo M Estela , Zwertbroek Rolf , Moutaouakil Youssef , Egthuijsen Jaqueline , van der Eerden B , Hammerschmidt Matthias , Bijman Renate , Semeins Cor M , Bakker Astrid D , Everts Vincent , Klein-Nulend Jenneke , Campos-Obando Natalia , Hofman Albert , te Meerman Gerard J , van Leeuwen JP , Verkerk Annemieke JMH , Uitterlinden Andre G , Maugeri Alessandra , Sistermans Erik A , Waisfisz Quinten , Meijers-Heijboer Hanne , Wirth Brunhilde , Simon Marleen EH , Pals Gerard

Background: We identified a family with early onset X-linked osteoporosis and fracturesMethods: We performed whole exome sequencing of the X chromosome in three affected members. After discovering a putative pathogenic variant we performed Sanger sequencing of all exons of this gene in other members of this family and in 95 unrelated men suspected of OI type I without COL1A1/2 mutations. We also genotyped a SNP in this gene (minor allele frequency 0.02) ...