Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences on calcified tissues

ba0002p139 | (1) | ICCBH2013

How to cope with a case of heterotopic ossifications

Morandi Grazia , Maines Evelina , Piona Claudia , Pepaj Orsiol , Monti Elena , Antoniazzi Franco

Introduction: Heterotopic ossification (OH) is a rare condition characterized by the presence of extra-skeletal ossification; in most cases OH is due to the inactivation of the gene of guanine nucleotide-binding protein alpha-stimulating activity polypeptide (GNAS). In some cases they remain confined to skin and subcutaneus tissues (osteoma cutis, Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO), pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a and c (PHP1a/c), and pseudopseudohypothyroidism (PPHP)),...

ba0002p142 | (1) | ICCBH2013

A case of geleophysic dysplasia

Piona Claudia , Morandi Grazia , Maines Evelina , Monti Elena , Rodella Giulia , Pepaj Orsiol , Antoniazzi Franco

Background: Geleophysic dysplasia is a rare genetic bone disorder characterized by severe short stature, short hands and feet, characteristic facial features, limited joint mobility, thick skin, progressive cardiac valvular disorders and sometimes upper respiratory stenosis. Diagnosis of this disorder is based on clinical and radiographic criteria. Until now only 60 cases have been reported in the literature.Case report: One-month-old male baby was initi...

ba0002p146 | (1) | ICCBH2013

A case of familial cherubism

Maines Evelina , Morandi Grazia , Piona Claudia , Monti Elena , Doro Francesco , Gaudino Rossella , Antoniazzi Franco

Background: Cherubism is a rare autosomal dominant bone disease characterized by bilateral painless enlargement of the jaws, that typically first appear at the age of 2–7 years. In this condition the affected bone is replaced with fibrous tissue, giving the patient a cherubic appearance.Until now only 300 cases have been reported in the literature.Case report: A caucasian 4-year-old male child came to our Pediatric Clinic comp...

ba0002p147 | (1) | ICCBH2013

A case of Gorham-Stout syndrome with chylothorax

Piona Claudia , Morandi Grazia , Maines Evelina , Monti Elena , Pepaj Orsiol , Antoniazzi Franco

Background: Gorham Stout syndrome, also called disseminated lymphangiomatosis, is a rare disease of unknown etiology and pathogenesis. This syndrome is characterized by an abnormal proliferation of thin walled capillaries and small lymphatic vessels that results in the massive osteolysis of adjacent bone. Surrounding soft tissues such as muscle, connective tissue, and viscera may also be affected. Chylothorax occurs secondary to direct involvement of the pleural cavity or the ...

ba0002p198 | (1) | ICCBH2013

Severe hypercalcemia in an infant with idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia caused by mutation in CYP24A1 gene

Olivieri Francesca , Piona Claudia , Brugnara Milena , Morandi Grazia , Maines Evelina , Konrad Martin

Background: Idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia (IIH) is a rare cause of infantile hypercalcemia characterized by failure to thrive, vomiting, dehydration, and nephrocalcinosis. This condition has recently been associated with mutations in the CYP24A1 gene, which encodes 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 24-hydroxylase, the key enzyme of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 degradation. Until now, only 13 cases genetically tested for IIH have been reported in the literature.Case ...

ba0002p140 | (1) | ICCBH2013

Defects of SERPINF1 cause progressively deforming recessive osteogenesis imperfecta with normal collagen I

Venturi Giacomo , Gandini Alberto , Monti Elena , Corradi Massimiliano , Vincenzi Monica , Piona Claudia , Maines Evelina , Morandi Grazia , Pepaj Orsiol , Antoniazzi Franco

Background: Osteogenesis Imperfecta is commonly due to dominant mutations in type I collagen genes, COL1A1 and COL1A2. Recessive forms, which are rarer, are caused instead by mutations in various genes coding for proteins involved in collagen post-translational modifications, folding and secretion. A novel disease locus, SERPINF1, coding for pigment-epithelium-derived-factor (PEDF), a likely key factor in bone deposition and remodelling, has been fou...

ba0002p145 | (1) | ICCBH2013

The recurrent IFITM5 c.−14C>T transition which causes osteogenesis imperfecta type V occurs at a highly methylated CpG dinucleotide: a novel mutational hot-spot?

Monti Elena , Mottes Margherita , Venturi Giacomo , Corradi Massimiliano , Gandini Alberto , Maines Evelina , Morandi Grazia , Piona Claudia , Antoniazzi Franco

Background: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by bone fragility. The current classification comprises five forms (OI types I–V) with autosomal dominant inheritance and seven rarer forms (OI types VI–XII) with recessive inheritance. OI type V (MIM 610967) has distinguishing radiological features, such as propensity to hyperplastic callus formation, calcification of the forearm interosseous membrane, radial-head dislocatio...