The aim of the study was to evaluate the peculiarities of body composition in postmenopausal women depending on bone mineral density (BMD).
Materials and methods: Weve examined 8882 women aged 2089 years (mean age 56.7±0.14 years; mean height 162.5±0.07 cm; mean weight 73.5±0.16 kg). Anthropometric measures were performed in 80 postmenopausal women aged 4082 years (mean age 63.53±1.08 years, mean height 157.54±0.79 cm, mean weight 74.75±1.68 kg), who were divided on the following groups depending on BMD: i) (N) 32 women with normal BMD, ii) (OSN) 28 women with osteopenia; iii) (OSP) 20 women with osteoporosis. Anthropometric characteristics of the women were evaluated by the method of Bunak V.V. (1941) in the modification Shaparenko P.F. (1994). Lean and fat masses, BMD were measured by DXA using a densitometer Prodigy, GE. Statistical analysis was performed using the program Statistica 6.0.
Results: Frequency of sarcopenia in women aged 65 years and older was 7%. We found that women with osteoporosis had significantly lower the following anthropometric characteristics: weight (N 81.50 kg, OSN 72.5 kg, OSP 69.4 kg; F=5.62; P=0.005), head circumference (N 558 mm, OSN 558 mm, OSP 541 mm; F=4.59; P=0.01), circumference of the forearm widest part (N 272 mm, OSN 252 mm, OSP 246 mm; F=9.41; P=0.0002), calf diameter (N 110 un., OSN 107 un., OSP 98 un.; F=3.90; P=0.02), shoulder width (N 89 un., OSN 82 un., OSP 80 un.; F=4.09; P=0.02), transverse diameter of the chest (N 310 un., OSN 292 un., OSP 278 un.; F=4.69; P=0,01). Using DXA we observed that women with osteoporosis had significantly lower lean (N 43382 g, OSN 40042 g, OSP 40702 g; F=3.73; P=0.03) and fat (N 36826 g, OSN 31160 g, OSP 27323 g; F=6.03; P=0.004) masses.
Conclusion: We have found that women with osteoporosis had significantly lower anthropometric characteristics (weight, head circumference, circumference of the forearm widest part, calf diameter, shoulder width, transverse diameter of the chest) and lean and fat masses in comparison with women with normal BMD. Thus, we can use the received results for form the anthropometric portrait of women suffering from osteoporosis and sarcopenia.
17 May 2014 - 20 May 2014