Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences on calcified tissues

ba0001pp500 | Other diseases of bone and mineral metabolism | ECTS2013

IFITM5 c.−14C>T mutation causes variable type V osteogenesis imperfecta phenotype and decreased COL1A1 expression but increased mineralization by cultured proband osteoblasts

Reich Adi , Bae Alison S , Barnes Aileen M , Cabral Wayne A , Chitayat David , Marini Joan C

Introduction: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by bone fragility. OI type V, with autosomal dominant inheritance, is characterized by ossification of the forearm interosseus membrane, radiodense metaphyseal bands, propensity for hyperplastic callus formation, and mesh-like lamellation on bone histology. Type V OI probands are reported to have white sclerae and normal teeth. Recent reports identified the cause of type V OI as a ...

ba0003cc3 | (1) | ECTS2014

Absence of ER cation channel TMEM38B/TRIC-B causes recessive osteogenesis imperfecta by dysregulation of collagen post-translational modification

Cabral Wayne , Makareeva Elena , Ishikawa Masaki , Barnes Aileen , MaryAnn Weis , Lacbawan Felicitas , Eyre David , Yamada Yoshihiko , Leikin Sergey , Marini Joan

Recessive osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is caused by mutations in genes encoding proteins involved in post-translational interactions with type I collagen. A founder mutation in a new gene responsible for recessive OI has recently been reported in Bedouins from Israel and Saudi Arabia, who have a homozygous deletion of TMEM38B exon 4 and surrounding intronic sequence. TMEM38B encodes TRIC-B, an integral ER membrane monovalent cation channel involved in Ca...

ba0003pp187 | Genetics | ECTS2014

A novel mutation in IFITM5, encoding BRIL, impairs osteoblast production of PEDF and causes atypical type VI osteogenesis imperfecta

Reich Adi , Farber Charles R , Barnes Aileen M , Becerra Patricia , Rauch Frank , Cabral Wayne A , Bae Alison , Glorieux Francis H , Clemens Thomas L , Marini Joan C

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type V is caused by a unique dominant mutation (c.−14C>T) in IFITM5, which encodes BRIL, a transmembrane ifitm-like protein most strongly expressed in osteoblasts, while type VI OI is caused by recessive null mutations in SERPINF1, encoding pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF). We identified a 25-year-old woman with severe OI, whose dermal fibroblasts and cultured osteoblasts displayed minimal secretion of PEDF, but ...

ba0005oc6.2 | Development and differentiation (or Aging) | ECTS2016

Bone with uncleavable type I collagen C-propeptide has abnormal development of multiple bone cell populations and increased bone mineral density with age

Barnes Aileen M , Perosky Joseph E , Blouin Stephane , Rajpar M Helen , Khoury Basma , Klaushofer Klaus , Roschger Paul , Fratzl-Zelman Nadja , Kozloff Kenneth M , Marini Joan C

Mutations in the C-propeptide cleavage site of both COL1A1 and COL1A2 cause dominant high bone mass (HBM) osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), characterized by bone hypermineralization. To elucidate the role of C-propeptide processing in bone formation, we generated heterozygous HBM mice in which both residues of the COL1A1 cleavage site were mutated to prevent cleavage by BMP1. HBM mice are smaller than WT in both weight and length and have extremely brittle bones....

ba0006oc22 | (1) | ICCBH2017

Type I collagen C-propeptide cleavage deficiency increases bone mineralization and alters bone cell differentiation

Barnes Aileen , Perosky Joseph , Blouin Stephane , Rajpar M. Helen , Khoury Basma , Weis MaryAnn , Klaushofer Klaus , Roschger Paul , Eyre David , Fratzl-Zelman Nadja , Kozloff Kenneth , Marini Joan

High Bone Mass (HBM) osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is caused by dominant mutations in the C-propeptide cleavage site of COL1A1 or COL1A2, characterized by bone hypermineralization. To elucidate the role of C-propeptide processing in bone mineralization and development, we generated heterozygous HBM mice with both residues (Ala-Asp) of the COL1A1 cleavage site substituted (Thr-Asn) to prevent processing by BMP1. Two, 6- and 12-month WT and HBM bones were examin...

ba0005lb9 | (1) | ECTS2016

First X-linked form of osteogenesis imperfecta, caused by mutations in MBTPS2, demonstrates a fundamental role for regulated intramembrane proteolysis in normal bone formation

Lindert Uschi , Cabral Wayne , Ausavarat Surasawadee , Tongkobpetch Siraprapa , Ludin Katja , Barnes Aileen , Yeetong Patra , Weis Maryann , Krabichler Birgit , Makareeva Elena , Janecke Andreas , Leikin Sergey , Rothlisberger Benno , Rohrback Marianne , Kennerknecht Ingo , Eyre David , Suphapeetiporn Kanya , Giunta Cecilia , Marini Joan , Shotelersuk Vorasuk

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heritable bone dysplasia with collagen-related defects. Dominantly inherited OI is caused by structural defects in type I collagen or IFITM5, while recessive forms are caused by deficiency of proteins that interact with collagen for modification, folding or cross-linking. We have identified the first X-linked form of OI, caused by a defect in regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP). One type of RIP involves sequential cleavage of regulatory ...