Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences on calcified tissues

ba0007oc3 | (1) | ICCBH2019

Osteocyte lacunae characteristics in healthy children

Blouin Stephane , Hartmann Markus A , Klaushofer Klaus , Glorieux Francis H. , Rauch Frank , Zwerina Jochen , Roschger Paul

Objectives: Osteocytes play a major role in bone metabolism as mechanosensors, key regulators of osteoblast and osteoclast activity and of the mineral homeostasis. Therefore the assessment of osteocytes characteristics is important to understand bone pathology. We propose to study indirectly the osteocytes by performing quantitative backscattered electron imaging to quantify the sectioned osteocyte lacunae density and size in 2D on bone samples.Methods: ...

ba0007p150 | (1) | ICCBH2019

Osteogenesis imperfecta: skeletal outcomes after bisphosphonates discontinuation at final height

Robinson Marie-Eve , Trejo Pamela , Palomo Telma , Glorieux Francis H , Rauch Frank

Objectives: Intravenous cyclical bisphosphonates are widely used to treat children with moderate to severe osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). They increase bone mineral density (BMD), diminish fracture rates and improve mobility. Bisphosphonates are often discontinued when growth is completed. We aimed to determine if the skeletal gains achieved with bisphosphonates persist after their discontinuation in patients with OI.Methods: We assessed patients with OI ...

ba0003pp187 | Genetics | ECTS2014

A novel mutation in IFITM5, encoding BRIL, impairs osteoblast production of PEDF and causes atypical type VI osteogenesis imperfecta

Reich Adi , Farber Charles R , Barnes Aileen M , Becerra Patricia , Rauch Frank , Cabral Wayne A , Bae Alison , Glorieux Francis H , Clemens Thomas L , Marini Joan C

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type V is caused by a unique dominant mutation (c.−14C>T) in IFITM5, which encodes BRIL, a transmembrane ifitm-like protein most strongly expressed in osteoblasts, while type VI OI is caused by recessive null mutations in SERPINF1, encoding pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF). We identified a 25-year-old woman with severe OI, whose dermal fibroblasts and cultured osteoblasts displayed minimal secretion of PEDF, but ...

ba0004oc10 | (1) | ICCBH2015

Lack of PEDF within the bone matrix is associated with osteoidosis and abnormally high bone mineral content

Fratzl-Zelman Nadja , Schmidt Ingo , Roschger Paul , Roschger Andreas , Reich Adi , Glorieux Francis H. , Wagermaier Wolfgang , Fratzl Peter , Klaushofer Klaus , Marini Joan C. , Rauch Frank

Background and methods: Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a potent antiangiogenic factor, ubiquitously expressed and secreted in human tissues. Hypertrophic cartilage and osteoblasts express PEDF that binds to type I collagen and glycosaminoglycans in the extracellular matrix. Two rare forms of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) with intact collagen synthesis are associated with PEDF deficiency. Histological observations revealed excessive osteoid formation and prolonged m...