Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences on calcified tissues

ba0001pp145 | Cancer and bone: basic, translational and clinical | ECTS2013

Synergistic anti-tumour effects on human breast cancer cells by mevalonate pathway inhibitors atorvastatin and zoledronic acid

Gobel Andy , Thiele Stefanie , Rauner Martina , Lorenz C Hofbauer , Tilman D Rachner

Introduction: Bone metastases represent a frequent complication of breast cancer and are characterized by increased tumour-driven activation of osteoclasts and subsequent bone loss. Aminobisphosphonates inhibit osteoclast function and are established therapies of skeletal metastases. Similar to statins, they block the mevalonate pathway and are thought to have direct anti-tumour effects. Here, we report on the anti-tumour potential of a sequential inhibition of the mevalonate ...

ba0001pp215 | Cell biology: osteoclasts and bone resorption | ECTS2013

The F-actin modulator SWAP-70 is required for proper podosome dynamics in osteoclasts

Roscher Anne , Glosmann Martin , Reinhold G Erben , Lutter Anne-Helen , Chopin Michael , Lorenz C Hofbauer , Jessberger Rolf , Garbe Annette

Bone remodeling is a crucial process to maintain a healthy bone structure in order to avoid diseases like osteoporosis or osteopetrosis. Osteoclasts contribute to this process by resorbing old and brittle bone allowing osteoblasts to renew the bone substance. During resorption osteoclasts rearrange their actin cytoskeleton by forming an F-actin ring generating a resorptive cavity on the bone surface. Recently, we reported that the F-actin binding protein SWAP-70 regulates oste...

ba0005p72 | Bone development/growth and fracture repair | ECTS2016

Sulfated hyaluronan improves bone defect healing in type 2 diabetic rats by increasing osteoblast function

Picke Ann-Kristin , Salbach-Hirsch Juliane , Hintze Vera , Rauner Martina , Moller Stephanie , Kascholke Christian , Hacker Michael C , Schulz-Siegmund Michaela , Schnabelrauch Matthias , Scharnweber Dieter , Hofbauer Lorenz C , Hofbauer Christine

Bone fractures of patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) represent an emerging socioeconomic problem. Underling mechanisms are poorly understood and therapies are limited. Our previous studies have shown that sulfated hyaluronan (sHA3) suppresses osteoclast activity while supporting osteoblast function in vitro. Hence, we now investigated if sHA3 can improve the delayed fracture healing in rats with T2DM.Porous, cross-linked lactide-base...