Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences on calcified tissues

ba0004is14 | (1) (1) | ICCBH2015

Somatic mosaic skeletal overgrowth disorders

Warman Matthew L

I will describe non-cancerous skeletal diseases that occur as a consequence of somatic mutation. I will introduce the work of Drs Mary Lyon, Dorothea Bennett, and Rudolf Happle that provided insights into the mechanism responsible for several genetic, non-heritable diseases. I will then describe the technology and analytic strategies that several laboratories, including my own, employed to identify mutations in patients with Maffucci, Proteus, CLOVES, and Klippel-Trenaunay syn...

ba0004is14biog | (1) (1) | ICCBH2015

Somatic mosaic skeletal overgrowth disorders

Warman Matthew L

Biographical DetailsDr Matthew L Warman is the Harriet M Peabody Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery and Genetics at Harvard Medical School. He attended college at Brown University and Medical School at Cornell University. While in medical school, he performed research with Dr Adele Boskey at The Hospital for Special Surgery. After medical school he trained in Pediatrics at the Children&#146...

ba0001pp508 | Paediatric bone disease | ECTS2013

Comparison of the bone densitometry and anthropometric parameters between the Ukrainian, Indian and Nigerian young male students, graduated in Lugansk State Medical University

Luzin V , Stklyanina L , Ushko Y , Ignatyev A

Objectives: To establish the average bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) in young male population from the different ethno-geographical groupsMaterials and methods: Estimations of the calcaneal BMD (g/cm2) and BMC (r), using on ALOKA-5.0 DXA machine among Indian (n=58) and Nigerian (n=72) male students (17–20 years), were done. The anthropometric program included body weight, height, shoulder and th...

ba0003pp20 | Bone biomechanics and quality | ECTS2014

Subchondral bone sclerosis in the DMM model of murine OA is not associated with changes in either BMD or nanomechanical properties

Borges Patricia Das Neves , Vincent Tonia L , Oyen Michelle L , Marenzana Massimo

It has long been known that osteoarthritis induces dramatic structural changes in subchondral bone. Studies on patients’ biopsies have also shown that the new sclerotic bone is hypomineralized and has decreased elastic modulus. Due to their amenability for genetic studies, murine models of OA are particularly important for drug target discovery. However, whilst osteosclerosis has been reported also in murine OA models, little is known about the compositional and mechanica...

ba0001pp449 | Osteoporosis: treatment | ECTS2013

Odanacatib treatment reduces remodeling- and stimulates modeling-based bone formation in adult OVX monkeys

Chen C , Shih M , Zheng H , Duong L

Odanacatib (ODN), a selective and reversible cathepsin K inhibitor was shown to histomorphometrically reduce trabecular (Tb) and intracortical (Ic) bone remodeling while preserving endocortical (Ec) and stimulating periosteal (Ps) bone formation (BF) in monkeys. Here, we investigate the bone site specific mechanism of ODN on bone modeling (Mo) versus remodeling (Re)-based osteons. Rhesus monkeys (13–19 yrs, n=8–11/group) were ovariectomized and treated with ...

ba0002p39 | (1) | ICCBH2013

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in adolescent Muslim girls attending a school in the UK, which adheres to a conservative dress code

Lukman S , Syahanee R , Berry J L , Mughal M Z

Aim: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among adolescent Muslim girls attending a school in the UK, which adheres to a conservative dress code.Methods: Fifty-six (31%) out of 180 girls attending a Muslim High School for Girls (median age 13.2years, (IQR 12.5–13.8 years)) took part in this cross-sectional study. Seventy-nine percent (n=45) were of South Asian origin, 3.5% were Black African origin (n=2), 1.8% was Mi...

ba0002p55 | (1) | ICCBH2013

Body composition, anthropometric parameters and bone densitometry in young Ukrainian male

Luzin V , Stklyanina L , Turenkov A , Ignatyev A , Nuzhna H

Objectives: To establish the correlations between the body composition, somatotypes and average bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) in young (17–18 y.o.) male living in Donbass region (Ukraine).Materials and methods: Anthropometric and skinfold measurements were carried out. Estimations of the calcaneal BMD (g/cm2) and BMC, (r), estimated on ALOKA-5.0 DXA machine among 156 male were done. Total body fat perc...

ba0003pp316 | Osteoporosis: treatment | ECTS2014

Odanacatib treatment improves lumbar vertebral bone mineral density and strength in orchiectomized rabbits

Duong Le T , Chen Charles , Pennypacker Brenda L

The selective cathepsin K inhibitor odanacatib (ODN) is currently in development for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Our goal was to evaluate the effects of ODN vs alendronate (ALN) on bone mass and strength of lumbar vertebrae (LV) in orchiectomized (ORX) rabbits, a model of male osteoporosis. Adult male rabbits (11 months old) were subjected to sham- (n=20) or ORX-surgery (n=24/group) for 7.5 months before dosing initiated. ORX animals were ra...

ba0005p243 | Genetics and Epigenetics | ECTS2016

Geometric morphometrics: a mathematical tool to compare morphological traits based on SOST dysfunction in mice

Schwarze Uwe Yacine , Dobsak Toni , Gruber Reinhard , Bookstein Fred L

Introduction: Genetic disorders are usually characterised by subjective morphological traits. Mouse models should represent the human situation but it is difficult to translate morphology traits from one species to another. Thus, there is a demand to objectively assess morphological traits. Geometric morphometrics is a mathematical tool to evaluate morphology based on normalised three-dimensional coordinates. Here we use geometric morphometrics to compare the morphology of <em...

ba0005p363 | Osteoporosis: pathophysiology and epidemiology | ECTS2016

Lower FRAX scores but similar femoral neck aBMD in UK dwelling postmenopausal South Asian women as compared with same age Caucasian women

Darling Andrea L , Hart Kathryn H , Lanham-New Susan A

It is unclear as to whether western dwelling South Asian (SA) postmenopausal women have a different fracture risk to that of the native Caucasian (C) population. Moreover, the WHO Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) has not been used previously to compare predicted risk of fractures in western dwelling South Asian women with same-age Caucasian women. This analysis used data from n=35 SA [mean (S.D.) age=59 (6) years] and n=136 C [mean (...