Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences on calcified tissues

ba0004is4 | (1) (1) | ICCBH2015

Vertebral fracture assessment

Offiah Amaka C

Osteoporotic fractures of the vertebrae are often silent and if left untreated will lead to progressive loss of vertebral body height and significant kyphoscoliosis, with its associated morbidity. However if vertebral fractures (VF) are detected early, treatment with bisphosphonates accelerates healing of prevalent fractures and reduces incident fractures.A survey of members of the British Paediatric and Adolescent Bone Group showed that treatment is sta...

ba0004is4biog | (1) (1) | ICCBH2015

Vertebral fracture assessment

Offiah Amaka C

Biographical DetailsAmaka C Offiah is Senior Lecturer and Consultant Paediatric Radiologist at the University of Sheffield and Sheffield Children’s Hospital. She has a specialist interest in the musculoskeletal system. She has co-authored two books, seven book chapters, published 67 peer-reviewed articles and given over 100 invited national and international lectures. She is Convenor...

ba0006p080 | (1) | ICCBH2017

Bone age assessment using Greulich and Pyle and Tanner-Whitehouse methods: a systematic review

Alshamrani Khalaf , Offiah Amaka

Objectives: To have a better understanding of the applicability of the Greulich and Pyle and Tanner Whitehouse methods of bone age estimation in children who are of a different ethnicity from those of the original standards.Method: A systematic search of the Medline database was conducted to include studies published between 1st January 1959 and 1st May 2016 (keywords ‘Greulich Pyle’; ‘Greulich and Pyle’) and 1st January 2001 and 1st ...

ba0007p4 | (1) | ICCBH2019

Applicability of the Tanner-Whitehouse 3 method to United Kingdom children born in the 21st century

Alshamrani Khalaf , Offiah Amaka

Background: To assess the effect of secular change on skeletal maturation and thus on the applicability Tanner and Whitehouse (TW3) methods of bone age estimation.Methods: A single observer assessed bone age using BoneXpert software on 392 hand/wrist trauma radiographs (206 males, 257 left, age range 2 to 15 years, 296 Caucasians, 71 Asians, 20 Africans, 5 mixed Caucasian and Asian) performed in the period 2010–2016. The paired sample t test was use...

ba0006p081 | (1) | ICCBH2017

Bone age determination using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

Alshamrani Khalaf , Offiah Amaka , kruger Elzene

Objective: To assess whether hand-wrist dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) can replace radiographs for bone age assessment using the Greulich & Pyle (G&P) and/or Tanner & Whitehouse (TW3) methods.Methodology: Purposive sampling was used to include a total of 20 patients identified from an Endocrine Clinic; two males and two females from each of 5 age groups (<5; 5 to 7; 8 to 10; 11 to 13; 14 to 16 years). Bone age as determined from D...

ba0004p49 | (1) | ICCBH2015

Using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HRpQCT) to better understand the skeletal response to exercise

Edwards Lauren , Skerry Tim , Paggiosi Margaret , Offiah Amaka

To use HRpQCT to investigate the effects of short term but intense exercise on the bone architecture of the distal radius in exercise-naïve women, with the ultimate aim of developing exercise regimes for children that will maximise their peak bone mass.We have recruited 16 of 20 proposed exercise-naïve women, aged 18–25, for a 12-week exercise study. The exercise consists of supervised hammering of a metal plate, using their dominant arm, ...

ba0004p112 | (1) | ICCBH2015

Type V osteogenesis imperfecta: confirmation of highly characteristic radiographic findings in early infancy

Arundel Paul , Offiah Amaka , Bishop Nick , Ehtisham Sarah

Type V OI is characterised by interosseous membrane calcification and hyperplastic callus formation, but the infantile phenotype is less well recognised. In 2012 Arundel et al. described distinctive radiographic changes in an infant with type V OI. We report two further male infants (with genetic confirmation of type V OI) confirming the highly characteristic and consistent radiographic appearances that should aid early diagnosis.Case 1 – P...

ba0006p082 | (1) | ICCBH2017

Impact of age, sex, location of injury, physical activity, vitamin D and calcium intake on the injury outcome of wrist and ankle in children

Alshamrani Hassan A , Alloub Hana , Burke Derek , Offiah Amaka C

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of age, sex, location of injury, physical activity, dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D on injury outcome in otherwise healthy children.Materials: This study was a cross-sectional prospective study. Children aged 6 to 15 years who presented to the Emergency Department of a single tertiary paediatric referral hospital were recruited. Children were included it they were known not to have underl...

ba0006p177 | (1) | ICCBH2017

The elbow in type V osteogenesis imperfecta: is early functional loss related to radiographic findings?

Hill Claire , Offiah Amaka , Bishop Nick , Arundel Paul

Objectives: Type V osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) results in abnormal modelling of the ulna, dislocation of the radial head and interosseous membrane calcification (IOM). Individuals develop reduced functional ability as a consequence of reduced range of movement (ROM) including elbow flexion and/or supination, which may be intrinsic or secondary to the radiographic findings. We describe the evolution of radiographic and functional parameters in a cohort seen in our centre.<...

ba0007p93 | (1) | ICCBH2019

Assessing the ability of vibration analysis to differentiate wrist and ankle fractures from sprains in children

Fennimore David , Ali Ridita , Alboul Lyuba , Offiah Amaka

Rationale and Hypothesis: Standard practice for differentiating fractures from sprains requires conventional radiographs. Up to 21% of wrist and ankle radiographs in children are negative at a local cost of over £100,000 per annum, approximately £12 million per annum across England and Wales. Our recent pilot study in adults confirmed that vibration analysis in injured patients causes no discomfort.Objectives: To assess the ability of vibration...